Naum Gabo was a Russian artist born on August 5, 1890, and died in the United States on August 23, 1977, the country where he lived since 1946. Gabo was a constructivist sculptor ─a visual and architectural movement that emerged in Russia in the 1920s─, and one of the forerunners of kinetic art.
His academic training was between science and art. He began drawing and painting at the age of 17; then he became interested in scientific studies, knowledge that was useful for the development of his sculptural work. Around 1910, while he was staying in Berlin, he studied medicine and later engineering, but his attraction to art led him to take classes in art history courses taught by the Swiss art theorist, historian and critic Heinrich Wölfflin, who defined the history of art based on the Renaissance and the Baroque as opposing styles, such as, for example, the linear as opposed to the pictorial.
With Pevsner, in 1920, he published the Manifiesto Realista, proclaiming the principles of pure Constructivism, in one of whose five postulates they affirm: "We renounce the artistic disenchantment rooted for centuries, according to which static rhythms are the only elements of the visual arts. We affirm that in these arts is the new element of kinetic rhythms…”.