Why is World Art Day celebrated on April 15?
It turns out that since 2012, World Art Day is celebrated every April 15, a date that was considered because this day corresponds to the birth of Leonardo Da Vinci (1452–1519), one of the most important artists of the Italian Renaissance, who was characterized by being a polymath; that is, an individual who excelled in various disciplines belonging to the arts and sciences. Da Vinci was an artist, scientist, inventor, and philosopher; He was a painter, sculptor, architect, urban planner, engineer, anatomist, botanist, paleontologist, musician, and writer. He is recognized worldwide for 2 of his most famous artworks: La Gioconda (1) and The Last Supper (2), the most reproduced and copied paintings by this artist.
The celebration was proposed, at first, by the International Association of Art (IAA), and as of 2019 UNESCO declared World Art Day with the purpose that, on that date, every April 15, exhibition events are held, workshops, theoretical and reflexive activities on “the importance of art and all creative thinking” for the cultural, educational, and spiritual development of human beings.
On this occasion, we allow ourselves to say that art, in addition to fulfilling an aesthetic and decorative function, in its historical evolution has performed various functions: magical, representative, symbolic, religious, political, psychological, communicative, and educational. Art, moreover, is liberating, critical and pleasurable. It is liberating from our restricted instincts, emotions, and feelings; critical of the social because it awakens individual and collective consciousness; and pleasant because through contemplation we experience satisfactory sensations, thanks to the poetry of the elements of visual expression arranged in each and every one of the artworks, a unique and original product that transcends its author and its historical context.