written by José Gregorio Noroño
In times of war, Arte Original advocates for peace. For this reason, as always, attending to the interests of our collectors, for whom we discover truly unique artworks, on this occasion we offer a reflection about the phenomenon of war and the role of art in the face of it.
We cannot deny that the phenomenon of war is part of our historical evolution, since ancient times, human beings have lived facing each other. Humanity has internalized war in such a way that it has become part of their being and existence, to such an extent that humanity seems not to conceive of reality without that ingredient. We can say that this belligerent behavior is part of their animal instinct oriented towards survival and territorial dominance. Although, as rational beings that we are, we have been controlling and sensibilizing some of our basic instincts through education, rules of coexistence and laws; however, that warlike content remains there, the only thing is that man has sophisticated that instinct; continues to wage war, but with increasingly advanced technologies.
The main causes of wars are economic, political, ideological and religious (for territorial domain, control of natural resources, ethnic differences, nationalist sentiments); Whatever the reason, every war has catastrophic consequences: it threatens life, causes great human suffering, affecting the physical and mental health of the entire population; It generates injuries, deaths, destruction of cities, artistic and historical heritage, displacement from one population to another, poverty, pollution and destruction of the environment.
But despite the warlike persistence of human beings, many thinkers, intellectuals, writers, and artists have placed their hopes, commitment, and effort in contributing to the creation of a world in peace. It is worth referring, for example, to Sun Tzu's book, The Art of War, where the author lets us see that the best strategy is to act wisely in the face of knowledge of human nature in times of confrontation; understand the roots of a conflict and look for a solution. Although it seems paradoxical, Tzu concludes with wise advice: "the best victory is to win without fighting."
The visual arts, throughout history, have played an important role in the middle of war situations, since at different times it has reacted against this cruel social reality, acting as a mirror of denunciation and as a space for reflection to sensitize the human being. Although there are many authors, we will only mention two examples: Goya and the series of engravings entitled The Disasters of War, and Picasso with Guernica.